The Treasures of the Nile 15 Days- 14 Nights

Day by day itinerary
 
Day 01:           Arrival Cairo                                                                        
Arrive in Cairo where you are met and greeted by Excel Travel coordinator and transferred to your hotel at the Pyramids area. Check in for refreshment. Early evening transfer to the Nile bank to board a Nile cruise for about 2 hours cruising the Nile to enjoy the panoramic Cairo by night while having dinner onboard and watching the folkloric shows.Drive back to the hotel. Overnight in Cairo.
 
Day 02:           Pyramids, Sphinx, Memphis & Sakkara   
After breakfast, we start a guided tour to visit one of the Seven Wonders the great Pyramids of Giza; (Cheops, Chephren and Mycerinus) were reckoned by the Greeks to be one of the Seven Wonders of the World. A single pyramid is built with 2.300.000 blocks, each weighing an average of two and a half tones. In the face of such immensity, one cannot help but feel the wonder and awe that so many writers and artists have sought to convey over the centuries. The Cheops Pyramid is more interesting, because its interior burial chambers are open for inspection by the public. Not far from the Pyramids is the Great Sphinx of Giza, which dates from the time of Chephren (2620 BC). Hewn from natural yellowish limestone and standing 65 feet-high and 187 feet-long, this unforgettable statue combines the head of a Pharaoh with a lion's body. A quick visit to papyrus institute or a perfume shop can be arranged after the visit.            
Lunch can be served at an oriental restaurant. Then start a visit to Memphis a museum embraces the famous statues of Ramses & Sakkara which includes the step pyramid Explore some of the mysteries with your knowledgeable Egyptologist. Evening optional tour to the spectacular sound & light show by the Sphinx.Back to the hotel and overnight in Cairo

Day 03:           Egyptian Museum and Tahrir Squar                                
Breakfast at the hotel, then start tour to visit the Egyptian Museum of Antiquities
Egyptian Museum; was established by the Egyptian government in 1835.  The present museum building was built in 1900, in the new classical style by the French architect Marcel Dourgnon.  The museum exhibited collections now exceed 120,000 objects ranges from pre-historic era to the Greco Roman period. It has 107 halls, and the ground floor houses huge statues.  The upper floor houses small statues, jewels, Tutankhamen treasures and the mummies.  The museum also comprises of a photography section and large library. A hall for the Royal Mummies was opened at the museum, housing eleven kings and queens. The square was originally called "Ismailia Square", after the 19th-century ruler Khedive Ismail, who commissioned the new downtown district's 'Paris on the Nile' design. After the Egyptian Revolution of 1919, the square became widely known as Tahrir (Liberation) Square, but the square was not officially renamed until the Egyptian Revolution of 1952, which changed Egypt from a constitutional monarchy into an autocratic republic. The square was a focal point for the Egyptian Revolution of 2011 against former president Hosni Mubarak. Over 50,000 protesters first occupied the square on 25 January, during which the area's wireless services were reported to be impaired. In the following days, Tahrir Square continued to be the primary destination for protests in Cairo. Lunch can be served at an oriental restaurant.Drive back to the hotel and overnight in Cairo.
 
Day 04:           Citadel, Mohamed Ali Mosque & Islamic Cairo    
Early breakfast in the hotel, drive to Old Cairo region to visit Amr ibn El A’s Mosque, then drive to Sultan Hassan to enjoy the unique architecture followed by a quick visit to El Refai on the way out to the Citadel & Mohamed Mosque.
End the tour with free time to enjoy walking through Khan El Khalili bazaars with a visit to El Hissuen & Al Azhar mosque mosques;
 Amr Ibn Al’As MosqueThis is the first and oldest mosque ever built on the land of Egypt. Erected in 642 AD (21 AH) by Amr Ibn al'As, the famous follower of Prophet Mohamed (PBUH). The mosque is said to have been built on the site of Amr Ibn el-As's tent at Fustat, is the oldest existing mosque, not just in Cairo, but the entire African Continent. Located north of the Roman Fortress of Babylon, it is actually on the edge of Fustat, the temporary city founded by Amr, and was an Islamic learning center long before El-Azhar Mosque. It could hold up to 5,000 students.
 Sultan Hassan Mosque & Madrasa The Sultan Hassan Mosque and madrasa (School) is considered the most compact and unified of all Cairo monuments. The building was constructed for Sultan Hassan bin Mohammad bin Qala'oun in 1256 AD as a mosque and religious school for all sects. It was designed so that each of the four main Sunni sects (consisting of Shafite, Malikite, Hanefte and Hanbalite) has its own school while sharing the mosque. The cornices, the entrance, and the monumental staircase are particularly noteworthy. The madrasa was originally introduced to Egypt by Saladin to suppress non-orthodox Muslim sects. There is a difference in congregational as opposed to Madrasa Style Mosques such as the Sultan Hassan. While some congregational Mosques have been used as schools, those designed for that purpose generally have smaller courtyards (Sahn) and the buildings are more vertical, allowing for classroom space.
It is considered to be the most outstanding Islamic monument in Egypt. It is of true Bahri Mameluke origin, built of stone, and while it is entirely different in design, it shares a like boldness to the Ibn Tulun Mosque.  
 El Refa’I Mosque  
Designed by Mustafa Fahmi with a Bahri Mameluke style, the Refa'i Mosque faces the Sultan Hassan Mosque and is named after a Muslin holy man, Shekh Ali Abu El-Shoubak who is buried here. The mosque was completed in 1912 by Max Herz Pasha and was constructed at the order of Khoushiar, mother of the Khedive Ismail. The mosque also became the Royal Crypt of Egypt's last dynasty. It was built on the former site of the Sheikh ar-Rifa'i zawia and covers 75,350 square feet.
 The Citadel with the towering mosque of Mohamed Ali;  
The Citadel is one of Cairo's most popular tourist attractions which houses a number of museums, ancient mosques and other sites, located on a spur of limestone that had been detached from its parent Moqattam Hills by quarrying. The Citadel is one of the world's greatest monuments to medieval warfare, as well as a highly visible landmark on Cairo's eastern skyline. Particularly when viewed from the back side (from the north), the Citadel reveals a very medieval character.
The area where the Citadel is now located began its life not as a great military base of operations, but as the "Dome of the Wind", a pavilion created in 810 by Hatim ibn Hartama, who was then governor.
Mohamed Ali Mosque (Alabaster Mosque) was designed by the Greek architect Yusuf 
Bushnaq, between 1830 & 1857 in the Ottoman style by Mohammad Ali Pasha, ruler of Egypt, and founder of the country's last dynasty of Khedives and Kings. The mosque is the Tomb of Mohammad Ali and is also known as the Alabaster Mosque because of the extensive use of this fine material. Its two slender 270-foot minarets are unusual for Cairo. From the arcaded courtyard, visitors have a magnificent view across the city to the pyramids in Giza. Just off the courtyard is the vast prayer hall with an Ottoman style dome which is 170 feet above. The parapet to the southwest offers a good view of the Sultan Hassan and Ibn Tulun Mosques and of Cairo itself. Perhaps because of its location, it is one of the most frequented Mosques by tourists.
El Hussien Mosque 
The El-Hussein Mosque sits on the site of the cemetery of the Fatimid caliphs. It was entirely rebuilt under the khedive Ismail. Earlier this century the remains of the cemetery were discovered while work was being done on the mosque's foundations. There are forty-four white marble columns that support the wood ceiling. On one side of the mosque is the mausoleum which is the oldest part of the complex which was built in 1154 and then modified in 1236. In the mausoleum are the remains of El-Hussein. A cupola with a ceiling that is decorated and inlaid with gold surmounts the mausoleum. There are two minarets at the complex. The one on the southwest side is from the same period as the mosque. The other is contemporary in style as is the mausoleum.
 Al Azhar Mosque 
Al-Azhar Mosque (the most blooming) was called "Al-Azhar" after Fatama al-Zahraa, daughter of the Prophet Mohamed (PBUH). It was established in 972 (361 H) shortly after the founding of Cairo itself, was originally designed by the Fatimid general Jawhar El-Sequili (Gawhara Qunqubay, Gawhar al-Sakkaly) and built on the orders of Caliph Muezz Li-Din Allah. It is located in the center of an area teaming with the most beautiful Islamic monuments from the 10th century and across the street from El Hussien. It imitated both the Amr Ibn El-As and Ibn Tulun mosques. The first Fatimid monument in Egypt, the Azhar was both a meeting place for Shi'a students and through the centuries, it has remained a focal point of the famous university which has grown up around it. It was under Yaqoub Ibn Cals that the mosque became a teaching institute. This is the oldest university in the world, where the first lecture was delivered in 975 AD. Today the university built around the Mosque is the most prestigious of Muslim schools, and its students are highly esteemed for their traditional training. While ten thousand students once studied here, today the university classes are conducted in adjacent buildings and the Mosque is reserved for prayer. In addition to the religious studies, modern schools of medicine, science and foreign languages have also been added. Drive back to the hotel and overnight in Cairo.
  
Day 05:           Cairo – Alexandria                                                                
Early breakfast at the hotel in Cairo then transfer to Alexandria via the desert road – about 225 km – whereby you will start a guided tour to visit the Catacombs and Alexandrina Bibliotheca
Kom el-Shuqafa Catacombs is dating from the first and second centuries. They have been discovered by chance at the beginning of 20th, century.      
Alexandrina Bibliotheca; the New Library of Alexandria, the New Bibliotheca Alexandrina is dedicated to recapture the spirit of openness and scholarship of the original Bibliotheca Alexandrina. It is much more than a library as it contains 13 different departments like; 1) A Library that can hold millions of books. 2) An Internet Archive. 3) Six specialized libraries.
4) Four museums. 5) A Planetarium….
Besides, the New Library also hosts many institutions which is growing and it is becoming the nerve center of many international and regional networks.
Lunch will be served during the tour in a fish restaurant. Overnight in at a hotel in Alexandria.
 
Day 06:           Alexandria – Cairo                                                              
Check out from the hotel after breakfast, then start your visit to Montazah Palace and gardens, pass by the El Morsy Abu El Abbas Mosque.
Montazah Gardens; is about 150hectare park surrounding the palace of Khedive Abbas with its amazing architecture worth of Walt Disney. Visitors enjoy strolling in the gardens or swimming of the nice sandy beaches.
Abu l Abbas El Morsi Mosque
Is the most important historic mosque in Alexandria and it is a very beautiful one, is considered to be that of Abu El Abbas El Mursi. Constructed in 1775 by Algerians, it was built over the tomb of the thirteenth century Murcia Andalusan saint, Ahmed Abu al-Abbas al-Mursi (Abu'l 'Abbas) who joined and then lead, as a devout Sufi, the Shadhali brotherhood. His entire name was Sheikh Shehab El Din Abu El Abbas Ahmed Ibn Umar Ibn Mohamed Al Ansary El Mursi. He was born in Andalusia (an autonomous district of Spain, the capital of which is Seville) in 616 H (1219 AD) to a wealthy family in the trading business. He was therefore well educated, having been instructed in the Quran, Sunna and Shehab, and he grew up helping his father in the trading business. He was also known for his honesty and for his many contributions to the needy. Drive back to Cairo and Overnight at the hotel in Cairo.
 
Day 07:           Cairo - Luxor -Nile cruise                                       
Check out from the hotel after breakfast, then transfer to Cairo Airport to take flight to Luxor, Meet & assist at Luxor airport upon arrival, then transfer to Nile Cruise (itinerary is based on Movenpick Royal Lily):
12:00   Check-In.
12:30   Lunch on board.
14:30   Visit East Bank (Karnak & Luxor Temples).
20:30   Dinner on board.
Overnight in Luxor.
 
Day 08:           Tuesday                                                                     
06:00   Breakfast on board.
07:00   Visit West Bank- Valley of the Kings, temple of Queen Hatshepsut (El Deir El Bahari) and colossi of Memnon.
13:00   Sail to Edfu via Esna.
13:00   Lunch on board.
16:00   Afternoon tea
19:30   Welcome reception Cocktail.
20:00   Dinner on board.
21:30   Movies in the lounge (King of Egypt)
Overnight in Edfu.
 
Day 09:           Wednesday                                                               
07:00   Breakfast on board.
08:00   Visit Horus Temple in Edfu.
13:00   Lunch on board.
16:00   Afternoon tea during sailing to Kom Ombo
17:00   Visit the temple shared by two Gods Sobek & Haeroris in Kom Ombo
18:30   Sailing to Aswan
20:00   Dinner on board.
21:30   Oriental Show “Gallabia Party”
Overnight in Aswan.
 
Day 10 Thursday                                                                  
07:00   Breakfast on board.
08:00   Visit the High Dam, the Temple of Philae & Unfinished Obelisk.
13:00   Lunch on board.
16:00   Afternoon tea
17:00   Felucca on the Nile around the Kitchener island.
20:00   Dinner on board.
21:30   Nubian Show or Belly Dance Show.Overnight in Aswan.
 
Day 11:           Friday                                                                                    
07:00   Breakfast on board.    
Check- out, then transfer to Aswan airport to take a flight to Abu Simble, Meet & assist at Abu Simble airport upon arrival, then transfer to Prince Abbas Nile Cruise and its itinerary will be as follows: M.S Prince Abbas Nile Cruise 3 nights / 4 days Abu Simbel- Aswan
13:00   Check-In.
13:30   Lunch on board.
14:00   Visit Abu Simbel Temple.
16:00   Tea Time.
20:00   Optional Visit to Sound & Light Show.
21:00   Dinner on Board.
Overnight in Abu Simbel.
 
Day 12:           Saturday                                                                               
07:30   Sail to KASR IBRIM.
11:30   Over View Kasr Ibrim (15 Minutes for photos only From Sundeck).
16:30   Visit AMADA (Amada + Derr + Tomb of Pennut).
18:30   Sail to WADI EL SEBOUA.
19:15   Cocktail Party (Head Departments Presentation).
21:30   Nubian Show (by the Staff).
Over Night at Wadi ElSeboua.
 
Day 13:           Sunday                                                                      
07:00   Visit WADI EL SEBOUA Temples.
09:00   Sail To Aswan.
Overnight in Aswan.
 
Day 14:           Monday          Aswan - Cairo                                  
07:00   Visit KALABSHA Temples.
09:00   Check Out and transfer to Aswan airport for a flight to Cairo.
Meet & assist upon arrival to Cairo & transfer to your hotel. Rest of the day at leisure whereby you can enjoy more of the highlight of Cairo by joining some excursions or simply relaxing at the hotel.
  
Day 15:           Final departure                                                        
Breakfast in the hotel, check out and transfer to Cairo Airport for your final departure 

 
 


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