Royal Hotels of Egypt 9 Days / 8 Nights

Day 01            Arrival Cairo                                                                                    

Arrive in Cairo where you are met and greeted by Excel Travel coordinator and transferred to your historic hotel with fantastic views of the pyramids. Overnight at the Mena House Hotel.
Day 02            Cairo / full Day Pyramids, Museum, Khan El Khalili                             
Buffet breakfast at the hotel then start a full day guided tour to visit one of the Seven Wonders
The great Pyramids of Giza; (Cheops, Chephren and Mycerinus) were reckoned by the Greeks to be one of the Seven Wonders of the World. A single pyramid is built with 2.300.000 blocks, each weighing an average of two and a half tones. In the face of such immensity, one cannot help but feel the wonder and awe that so many writers and artists have sought to convey over the centuries. The Cheops Pyramid is more interesting, because its interior burial chambers are open for inspection by the public. Not far from the Pyramids is the Great Sphinx of Giza, which dates from the time of Chephren (2620 BC). Hewn from natural yellowish limestone and standing 65 feet-high and 187 feet-long, this unforgettable statue combines the head of a Pharaoh with a lion's body. A quick visit to papyrus institute or a perfume shop can be arranged after the visit. Lunch can be served in an oriental restaurant & then drive to the Egyptian Museum for another unforgettable tour. 
Egyptian Museum; was established by the Egyptian government in 1835.  The present museum building was built in 1900, in the new classical style by the French architect Marcel Dourgnon.  The museum exhibited collections now exceed 120,000 objects ranges from pre-historic era to the Greco Roman period. The upper floor houses small statues, jewels, Tutankhamen treasures and the mummies.  A hall for the Royal Mummies was opened at the museum, housing eleven kings and queens.Short drive to Khan El Khalili bazaars; which is one of the most famous worldwide with its amazing narrow alleyways.  The visitor can discover small restaurants and workaday cafes (Few years ago, Naguib Mahfouz used to come and sit beneath the huge, ageing and discolored mirrors of the cafĂ©).
 Evening at leisure at your hotel or enjoy an optional tour to the spectacular sound & light show by the Pyramids.Overnight in Cairo
Day 03:           Alexandria full day tour                                                                  
Early breakfast at hotel then drive to Alexandria via the desert road for a full day guided tour to visit the Bombay’s’ pillars, Alexandrina Bibliotheca, Qaite Bay citadel from outside & Al Montazah Gardens   
Alexandrina Bibliotheca; the New Library of Alexandria, the New Bibliotheca Alexandrina is dedicated to recapture the spirit of openness and scholarship of the original Bibliotheca Alexandrina. It is much more than a library as it contains 13 different departments. Besides, the New Library also hosts a number of institutions which is growing and it is becoming the nerve center of many international and regional networks.Qaite bay Fort has been guarding the bay for centuries; at the end of the Cornish rises the crenellated walls of the Mameluk fortress built in 1480 on the site of the Alexandria lighthouse.Pompeii Column and Kom el-Shuqafa Catacombs Thirty meters high and built from Aswan pink granite, the Pompeii Column is thought to have been a present from the people of Alexandria to Emperor Diocletian. The majority of the remains found around the column can be been at the Greco-Roman Museum. At the top of the hill lies the entrance to the Kom al-Shuqafa Catacombs dating from the first and second centuries. They have been discovered by chance at the beginning of 20th, century.Montazah Gardens; is about 150-hectare park surrounding the palace of Khedive Abbas with its amazing architecture worth of Walt Disney. Visitors enjoy strolling in the gardens or swimming of the nice sandy beaches.Lunch will be served during the tour in an oriental restaurant.Drive back to Cairo at the end of the day and overnight at the hotel in Cairo.
Day 04:           Cairo – Luxor                                                                                                                                   
Breakfast in the hotel, check out.Escorted transfer to Cairo Domestic airport for your flight to Luxor.Meet & assist at Luxor airport and transfer to the Sofitel Old Winter hotel in Luxor.Check in at the hotel.Afternoon guided tour to visit the Karnak & Luxor temples on the East bank starts.Karnak temple: to the east bank of Luxor the greatest example of worship in history and was dedicated to the God Amon, his wife Mut and their son Khonsu. It was constructed from the beginning of the Middle Kingdom to the Greco Roman Kingdom. Luxor temple: in the East bank during the sunset it is a great temple complex in modern Luxor dedicated to Amun, a creator god often fused with the sun-god Ra into Amun-Ra, construction work on the temple began during the reign of Ame nhotep III in the 14th century BC. Horemheb and Tutankhamun added columns, statues, and friezes, and Akhenaten had earlier obliterated his father's cartouches and installed a shrine to the Aten, However, the only major expansion effort took place under Ramses II some 100 years after the first stones were put in place. Luxor is thus unique among the main Egyptian temple complexes in having only two pharaohs leave their mark on its architectural structure.Drive back to the hotel.Overnight in Luxor
Day 05:           West Bank                                                                
Early guided tour to visit the Valley of the Kings, Hatshepsut temple at El Dier El Bahary and colossi of Memnon at the west bank.Valley of Kings: was a magnificent burial ground for the pharaohs - the Valley of the Kings.  This was the kingdom of Osiris, god of the underworld.  From their grand tombs filled with treasures and decorated with magnificent art, the Egyptian pharaohs believed they would embark on a journey in which they would meet the gods in the afterlife and achieve immortality.After that visit, the Hatshepsut Temple: is one of the most dramatically situated in the world. The queen's architect, Senenmut, designed it and set it at the head of a valley, throughout the temple, statues and sphinxes of the queen proliferated. Many of them have been reconstructed, with patience and ingenuity, from the thousands of smashed fragments found by the excavators; some are now in the Cairo Museum, and others the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. Colossi of Memnon: You will pass by the two massive stone statues of Pharaoh Amenhotep III. For 3,400 years, they have sat in the Theban necropolis, across the River Nile from the city of Luxor.Drive back to the hotel and overnight in Luxor.
Day 06 Edfu - Kom Embo                                                                
Early pick up from the hotel after breakfast. Check out then, drive to Edfu to visit the temple as it was built during the Greco-Roman Period, but the builders painstakingly preserved the form of Egypt’s true pharaohs. As a result, a visit to Edfu allows you to see what all of the other ruined temples around Egypt might have looked like had they been built 2000 years later.The Temple of Horus is located in the center of the town of Edfu. By the 19th century, the village extended into the temple with some houses actually standing on the roof of the sand-filled temple. Now the buildings have been cleared away, but the excavation is still very evident since the surrounding buildings look down into the temple complex, which is several meters below the modern ground level.The temple is very complete, including a pylon that was built by Cleopatra’s father in the first century BC, which leads into a peristyle court and then a hypostyle hall that precedes the sanctuary of Horus, the ultimate and most important part of the temple. All of this replicates the standard layout of a New Kingdom pylon temple, the ruins of which can be seen at many other sights around Luxor and along the Nile Valley. The Temple of Horus at Edfu is by far the most complete example of this architectural style.
After the visit, drive to Kom Ombo to visit the temple for an hour. Kom Ombo dates from the Ptolomaic Dynasty and it was only completed under Roman rule. The temple has a dual dedication to Sobek, as well as Horus, and the plan of the temple reflects this dual purpose.It is a symmetrical mirror of itself along its main axis with one half devoted to each of the two gods it honors. Like at Esna, the pylon entrance to the temples is no longer standing, leaving the hypostyle hall as the main feature that visitors see today. Also on the grounds of the temple is the Crocodile Museum, which has a display over crocodile mummies.
Drive from Kom Ombo to Aswan. Check in at the Sofitel old Cataract Aswan.
Overnight in Aswan.
Day 07 Aswan visits                                                              
Early pick up from the hotel after breakfast then, you will meet Excel Travel coordinator in the hotel lobby at the agreed time. He will introduce you to the professional guide who will accompany you to visit; the temple of Philae, dedicated to goddess Isis and located in a beautiful setting, landscaped to match the original site of the temple when it was relocated by UNESCO after the building of the Aswan Dam threatened the site. It has several shrines and sanctuaries such as Trajan’s Kiosk or Pharaoh's Bed. The ancient island of Philae was a sacred center for the cult of Isis and the location of a great temple complex now known as Philea Temple. Philea Island was flooded and eventually became fully submerged after the creation of the Aswan Dam and Lake Nasser. The flooding prompted the
UNESCO initiative to preserve the magnificent Temple of Philea. It was dismantled and relocated to Agilkia Island, which was renamed Philea Island. You will reach the island by a motor boat. A short drive will take us to the impressive High Dam which is located 13 km south of Aswan. The Dam is 3600 meters long, 980 meters thick at base and 111 meters tall (at its highest point). It provides irrigation water and electricity for the whole of Egypt. The waters of Lake Nasser which is the world's largest man-made lake, have amassed behind it. It is a real overwhelming sightseeing experience. Back to our vehicle to continue to the Unfinished Obelisk - the heaviest monolith found in Egypt. About 42 meters long and weighing an estimated 1168 tons, the obelisk would have been the largest piece of Egyptian masonry had it been completed. The obelisk was probably left unfinished after it cracked at the middle. It is still attached to the parent rock in the Northern Quarries, where the Ancient Egyptians used to quarry granite. The Tour will last about 4 hours.Drive back to the hotel and overnight at the hotel in Aswan.

Day 08:           Aswan                                                           
Morning transfer to Aswan airport for a 35-minute flight to Abu simble for unforgettable tour. upon arrival to Abu simble you will be transferred by Egypt air buses to the great temples of Ramses II & his beloved Nefertari whereby the guides will be waiting to show you around in groups. Transfer back to the airport by Egypt air buses to board the flight to Cairo via Aswan.A Farwell dinner can be offered at a special restaurant or in the hotel.Overnight at the hotel in Cairo
Day 09:                       Final departure                                                        
Final departure transfers after breakfast from the hotel; Excel Travel representative will escort you, check you in your flight

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